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首頁 > 作文大全 > 英語作文 > 高考英語作文 > 高考26種基本句型


發布時間:2015-02-09 11:01:28 本文已讀 0

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It is likely that…

sb/ sth is likely that …

1. He is likely to go home.

2. It is likely that he is at home.

1. 那里的農民有可能在不久的將來過上好日子.

The farmers living there are likely to live a better life in the near future

2. 人類有可能登上其它星球.

It is likely that man sets foot on the other planets.

3.  從他的表情判斷, 他很可能已經知道了事情的真相.

Judging by his looks, he is likely to have known the truth of that case.

句型2: What surprises / delights/ shocks/ touches/ terrifies/ excites  sb. most is that ……

What moved us most was that Beijing succeeded in bidding for the 2008 Olympic Games.

What delighted them most was that they had got several tickets for that exciting football match.

1. 使我們高興的是實驗成功了.

What delighted us most was that the experiment worked out well.

2. 使我不解的是他在第二天早晨不辭而別.

What surprised me was that he left the next morning without saying good bye to me.

句型3:  It is reported/ hoped/ believed/ said/ thought/ supposed/ considered/ announced / known to all  that

1. 人們相信人類和動物會和睦相處, 并成為朋友.

It is believed that humans and animals will get along well with each other and become good friends.

2. 人們認為孩子們應該多參加社會活動,學會與人合作.

It is supposed that children ought to take part in more social activities as often as possible so as to learn how to communicate and get on well with others.

3. 我們希望, 通過參與活動,能讓孩子們了解社會和開拓視野.

It is hoped that by taking part in social activities, the children will know more about the society and broaden their views.

句型4: …. , thus doing …

…. , only doing …

1. The big fire spread quickly from house to house, thus destroying all the houses along the street.

2. He stayed in that town for nearly a year, only getting used to the food there.

1. 那些村民砍伐了村子周圍的樹木, 結果使土地沙漠化了.

Those villagers cut down the trees around the village thus making the fields sandy.

2. 大量的有毒氣體進入空中, 結果污染了空氣.

A large amount of poisonous gases were poured into the sky, thus polluting the air seriously.

3. 他在考試時作弊, 結果是懲罰了自己.

He cheated in the examination, thus punishing himself.

句型5: …so …that   …such …that …   … too … to…

1. 聽到被北大錄取的消息, 她興奮得難以入眠.

Hearing the news that she was admitted into Beijing University, she was too excited to go to sleep.

On hearing the news that she was accepted by Beijing University, she was so excited that she couldn’t fall asleep.

When she heard the news that she would be a student of Beijing University, she had the least desire to sleep.

2. 道德教育非常重要, 很多學校都很重視.

Moral lessons are so important that quite a lot of schools lay stress on them.

3. 世界之大, 無奇不有.

The world is so large that everything could happen.

句型6: …was about to do … when …

… was doing … when …

… had just/hardly done …when…

1. 他正要去開門, 爸爸制止了他.

He was about to open the door when his father stopped him.

2. 一家人正在觀看新聞, 這時,來了一位不速之客.

The family was watching the news on TV when an unexpected visitor came in.

3. 探險隊剛出發, 大雨就傾盆而下.

The exploring team had just started off when a heavy rain poured down.

句型7.  Such is…

1. Such is my motherland, which is rich in a large quantity of natural resources.

2. Such is my father, a simple man with great achievement.

1. 這就是我想告訴你的.

Such is what I want to tell you.

2. 中華民族是一個勤勞,勇敢,說到做到的民族.

The Chinese is a nation, one that is hard-working, brave and means what it says.

Such are the Chinese, a nation that is hard-working, brave and means what it says.

3. 這個孩子就是這樣一個熱心腸的人,總是樂于助人.

Such is the boy, a warm-hearted child who is always ready to help others.

句型8. It occurs to sb. that …

1. It occurred to me that I had ever seen her before.

2. It occurred to him that he had left the keys in the bedroom.

1. 我突然想起應該向民警求助.

It occurred to me that I should go to the policeman to ask for help.

2. 他們突然想起幾年前發生的一件怪事.

It occurred to them that there was a strange thing that had happened several years before.

3. 一看到她, 我突然想起要告訴她前幾天有個陌生人來找過她.

No sooner had I seen her than it occurred to  me that I should tell her a stranger had asked for her the other day.

句型9. It is up to sb. to do…

1. It is up to you to look after the pet dog while I am out on business.

2. It is up to the monitor to manage the affairs of our class when the teacher goes out to attend meetings.

1. 當我外出時, 由你來照看家里的一切.

When I am ways on business, it is up to you to attend to everything of the house.

句型10. There is no doubt that …/ about…

1. 沒有必要在這里等這么久,因為這是毫無用處的.

There is no need to wait here so long, for it is in vain to do so.

There is no point in waiting for so long, for we won’t have any result.

2. 火星上不可能有生物的存在

There is no possibility that the living things exist on Mars.

Living things are unlikely to exist on Mars.

3. 我國的航天技術處于世界先進水平是毫無疑問的.

There is no doubt that China’s technology of exploring space ranks the top of the world.

4. 發火是沒有用的.

There is no point in getting angry.

句型11  …..need / require/ want/ deserve doing..

…be (well) worth doing…

1. The film is well worth seeing.

2. The house wants repairing at once.

The room deserves cleaning.

1. 這個房間需要粉刷一下.

The room requires painting.

2. 他值得夸獎.

He is worth praising.

3. 這本書需要修補.

The book wants mending.

句型12.   How did you come to do..?

How come (that)..?

1. How did you come to find out where she is living?

How come that you found out where she is living?

2. How did you come to be so stupid?

How come that you were so stupid?

1. 你怎么會愚蠢到去做這樣的事呢?

How did you come to be so foolish as to do such a thing?

2. 為什么會出現這么多的問題呢?

How come that so many problems came up one after another?

句型13 …think/ believe/ feel/make/ find/+ it + adj./n.+ (for sb.) to do…/ that…

1. 我認為保護環境是每個人的責任

I think it a responsibility for everyone to protect the environment.

2. 人們認為,采取強有力的措施來禁毒是非常重要的.

People believe it of great importance to take strong measures to put the ban to drugs.

3. 良好的學習氛圍使我們能夠更好地學習.

The good atmosphere of study makes it possible for us to learn well.

4. 有些人把獵殺動物當成了掙錢的手段.

Some people make it a means of making money to kill wild animals.

5. 我認為,掌握至少一門外語是必須的.

I think it a must for us to master at least one foreign language.

句型14. Generally speaking…./ Honestly speaking…/ Frankly speaking..

Supposing/Considering../Speaking of/Judging from/by..

1. 說到教育,我認為每個人都有受教育的權利.

Speaking of education, I think everyone has the right to be educated/ receive education.

2. 考慮到我們完成任務有困難,他主動提出過來幫忙.

Considering we might have difficulty in getting through the task, he offered to come around and lend us a hand.

3. 從外表來看, 他與其他人并沒有很大的區別.

Judging by his appearance, there is not much difference between him and other people.

句型15.    The +比較級…, the +比較級…

1. The sooner, the better.

2. The more knowledge we learn, the more intelligent we will be.

1. 你的詞匯量越大,你的閱讀速度就越快.

The larger your vocabulary is, the faster your reading speed will be.

2. 越是常鍛煉身體的人越是健康.

The more exercise people take, the healthier they will be.

3. 我們越經常幫助別人,我們的收獲就越多.

The more often we help others, the more we’ll obtain.

句型16  No sooner…than / Hardly …when

the moment / the minute/ second

1. 那本書一問世.就引起了廣泛的關注.

No sooner had the book come out than it drew the worldwide attention.

2. 這個問題一提出,就引起了爭論.

Directly the problem was raised, there was a debate/ an argument among people.

3. 他剛坐下,門鈴就又響了起來

He had hardly sat down when the doorbell rang once more.

4. 一打開郵箱,他就看到了那封盼望已久的來信.

Hardly had he opened the mail box when he saw the letter that he had been longing for.

句型17.    Not until / Seldom/ Never / At no time/ By no time/ In no time Hardly…

1. Not until he came home did he know what had happened.

2. Seldom does she go to the supermarket.

1. 她不經常去圖書館借書.

Seldom does she go to the library to borrow books.

2. 直到采取了有效措施,這種狀況才得到了緩解

Not until effective measures had been taken was the situation brought back under control.

3. 他絕不會對媽媽說那么粗魯的話.

At no time does he say such rude words to his mother.

4. 我將永遠不會忘記在那個島上的可怕經歷.

Never shall I forget the terrible experience on that island.

句型18.  It will be …before../ It was…before / It wasn’t …before

1. It will be a month before the novel comes out.

2. It was quite a few days before he got well.

3. It won’t be long before the dam is completed.

1. 將近一年以后他才還完債務.

It was nearly one year before he paid off all his debts

2. 沒過多久他就離開了家鄉.

It wasn’t long before he left his hometown.

3. 兩周以后他們要到云南去度假.

It will be two weeks before they start off for Yunnan for their holiday.

句型19….with…doing/ done/ to do/ adj./adv./介詞短語

1. 由于身無分文, 他只得沿街乞討.

With no money on him , he had to beg from house to house/ from door to door.

2. 他羞愧地看著我, 眼里含著淚水.

He looked at me shamefully, with tears in his eyes.

3. 隨著電子工業的迅速發展,手機已經越來越普及了.

With the electronic industry developing very fast, mobile phones are becoming more and more popular with / among people.

4. 隨著人口的不斷增長,環保問題也越來越重要.

With the population growing rapidly, the problem of environmental protection is becoming more and more important.

句型20. No matter who/ how/ what/when…==Whoever / however/ whatever/ whenever..

1. No matter what happens, we shall not lose hope.

2. No matter how I explained it, she still didn’t understand what I meant.

1. 無論有多大的困難,我們都不會放棄.

Whatever great difficulty there is, we won’t give in.

No matter how great the difficulty is, we won’t lose hope.

2. 無論你說什么我都不會相信,因為你總是撒謊

No matter what you say, I can hardly believe you, for you are always telling lies.

句型21.  It is high/ about time to do

It is high/ about time for sb to do

It is high/ about time (that)…did

It is high/ about time (that)… should

1. 是我們都認識到這一嚴重問題的時候了.

It is high time for all of us to realize such a serious problem.

2. 是讓我們的孩子學會尊重他人, 并與他人和睦相處的時候了.

It is about time to make our children learn to respect and get along well with others.

句型22…. not only…but also    Only when../ Only in this way..../ Only by this means…/ Only by doing…

1. 我們不僅應該努力學好英語,而且應該盡量多地運用英語與外國人交流.

Not only should we try to learn English well but also use it to communicate with foreigners as often as possible.

2. 通過參加各類社會團體, 他們不僅增長了知識,開拓了眼界,而且改善了人際關系, 學會了合作.

By means of joining all kinds of social communities, not only their minds but also they have improved their interpersonal skills and learnt how to work with others successfully.

3. 只有通過不斷地運用,你才能真正掌握一門外語.

Only by using it again and again, can you really master a foreign language.

句型23 ….in case that…

…in case of…

1. In case that John comes, please tell him to wait.

2. In case of fire, what shall we do?

1. 村民們已安全地方,以防地震.

The villagers have been moved to the safe places in case of the earthquakes.

2. 萬一我忘了,請提醒我

Please remind me in case that I forget.

3. 你最好帶上鑰匙,以防我不在家.

You’d better take the keys in case that I’m out.

句型24….  (in the place) where…

1. This plants likes to grow where it is warm.

2. This plant likes to grow in the place where it is warm.

1. 請你在不懂的地方做記號,以便請教老師.

Please make marks where you don’t understand so that you might ask the teachers for help.

2. 在空氣稀薄的地方呼吸很困難.

In the places where there is less air, we will find it very difficult to breathe.

3. 在交通發達的地方出行會很方便.

Travels will be a fairly convenient where the transportation has developed a lot.

句型25. It is necessary/ important/ that ….(should) do..

It is strange/ surprising/ a pity/ natural/ a great waste that…(should) do..

1. 隨著社會的發展, 我們有必要學會英語和操作電腦.

With the society developing very fast, it’s quite necessary that we should learn English as well as how to operate the computer.

2. 令人驚訝的是, 預言和事實竟然完全巧合.

It is quite a surprise that the prophecy should coincide with the fact so exactly.

3. 使用一次性木筷是極大的浪費.

It is a great waste that people should use the wooden sticks that are used only once while they are eating.

4. 令人不可思議的是她居然不辭而別.

It is quite surprising that she should leave without telling anyone.

句型26….suggest/ demand/ require/ propose/ order/ request/ advise/ insist/…(should) do

1. My mother insisted that I (should) take the English courses.

2. He suggested that the article be carried in today’s newspaper.

3. It is required that all the students (should) do sports after school.

4. The policeman ordered the criminal empty his pockets.

1. 老師建議我們要大量閱讀英文原著

Our teacher often advises that we should read as much original English as possible.

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